Baijnath is a small town in Kangra district is about 50 kilometres from Dharamshala. The Baijnath temple is very famous and ancient temple of Lord Shiva (Baijnath). The temple “Baijnath” is dedicated to Lord Shiva as Vaidyanath, ‘the Lord of physicians’. It was built by two merchant brothers-Manyuka and Ahuka in 804 AD. The temple of Baijnath has become synonymous with mystic invincibility. The temple is more beautiful and sacred because of it’s ancient looks. The stones, idols, and sculptures in the temple are the ancient only. The archaeological department have been preventing it’s heritage for years now.
Legend of Baijnath Temple-
According to Hindu mythology while Ravana was descending from the Himalayas with the Shivling, Lord Shiva had awarded him after years of worship which was supposed to be established at Lanka, now Sri Lanka, Lord Shiva accomodate to the request of Ravana and converted himself into Shiva linga. Then lord Shiva asked him to carry the Shiva linga and warned him that he should not place the Shiva linga down on the ground on his way. Ravana started moving south towards Lanka and reached Baijnath where he felt the need to answer the nature’s call. On seeing a shepherd, Ravana handed over the Shiva linga to him and went away to get himself relieved. On finding that the Shiva linga was very heavy, the shepherd put the linga on the ground and thus the Shiva linga got established there in the form of Ardhnarishwar – God in form of half male & half female.
Dussehra is the traditional festival in the town Baijnath. It is the effigy of the Ravana is consigned to flames,celebrated all over the country is not celebrated as a mark of respect to the devotion of Ravana towards lord Shiva. The interesting thing is there is no goldsmiths shops in the town of Baijnath.