The rising alcohol and drug addiction among adolescents in the state capital is a major cause of concern. Rising stress levels among children because of academic pressure, emotional distress and parental expectations were causing drug abuse to rise among them. A survey has pointed out that as many as 21 per cent of children in Shimla schools were into drugs.
The sample survey conducted on 2,000 of the nearly 10,000 students studying in Shimla has found that 54.74 per cent of the boys and 24.16 per cent girls were addicted to drugs or other intoxicants (identified as regular users). These students were from both private and government schools.
Nearly 29.3 per cent were addicted to cigarettes and gutka khaini. Alcohol consumption was found among 24.45 per cent, cannabis among 20.87 per cent, cough syrups among 4.4 per cent and opium among 3.4 per cent. The study included 1,267 boys studying in seven government and five private schools.
Type of Drug’s
As a destructive opioid, heroin can lead to seizures, psychosis, and hallucinations when abused. Heroin injections can also spread diseases such as the human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis.
Cocaine is a very dangerous stimulant, even when taken in small amounts. It induces euphoria, increases blood pressure, and accelerates the heart rate. The drug may lead to fatal strokes or heart attacks for some users.
A potent form of cocaine, crack is often smoked and suddenly creates an intense euphoric sensation for a short while. However, crack has turned into a problem because it is cheap and easy to buy and use.
PCP (phencyclidine) and LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) are hallucinogens, which means that they make users feel, see, and hear things that are not real.
Accelerating the user’s bodily and mental functions, amphetamines can cause manic periods of distress in abusers. These periods are usually accompanied by extreme paranoia, inexplicable behaviour, and delusions.
Marijuana is the most common illegal drug abused, and many people begin using it as a recreational drug in social situations. Unfortunately, continued abuse of marijuana can lead to addiction, and the substance can affect users’ physical coordination, memory, and mental functions over time.
Abusing alcohol can cause psychological, physical, and social problems, leading to the destruction of relationships, friendships, and marriages. A lot of alcohol abusers drink so much that their bodies are unable to handle it.
Inhalants are not technically in the category of narcotics, but people abuse them and can become addicted to them over time. Some of the substances considered inhalants include spray paint, butane, and nitrous oxide that they can inhale to achieve a high.
9. Prescription Drugs
The second-most commonly abused drugs are prescriptions, including everything from anti-anxiety medications to sedatives and ADHD pills to anti-seizure medications. The abuse of prescription painkillers such as Vicodin and Oxycodone during recovery from injuries is also widespread.
Ecstasy, or the “love drug”, was commonly used in the 1980s and is still part of the club scene. Users feel happy, loving, alert and focused, yet very relaxed when under its influence. Some users can also do without sleep for between 24-72 hours at a time. Ecstasy, also known as “E” or “X,” is a very seductive type of addiction, and many users have difficulty admitting that they would have trouble quitting it once they start using it.
“Downers” like Xanax, Valium and Klonopin make users feel calm and relaxed by increasing the brain’s nerve-calming agent, called GABA. Unfortunately, it’s hard to get off this drug once a tolerance starts to build up, which can occur very quickly. More than 15 types of benzodiazepines, aka “benzos,” are available via prescription, although forms of the substance are traded on the black market as well.
Methadone is an opioid commonly prescribed to treat heroin or morphine addicts, as this pain reliever helps the user come down from those harder substances. Unfortunately, even though the risk of addiction is low when used as directed by a doctor in a clinical setting, many recreational users have been drawn to the substance and become addicted. Methadone generally comes in the form of tablets, powder and liquid. It shares some of the same effects as morphine but is not quite as strong or addictive as that opiate.